The Origins of the Blackjack Card Game | Card Games

Card games, like everything in life, have gone through their own evolution. No one knows for certain when and where blackjack was first played, however, many card games of the past have similar traits to blackjack and can give us a good idea of it’s trace throughout history.Vingt-Un
In France in the early to mid 17th century, a game called vingt-un or vingt-et-un was one of the first twenty-one games. Just as in blackjack, the objective of this game was to get 21 without busting. Initially, this game was not banked by the casinos and was a private game. Players took turns as the dealers, banking the game. If played in casinos, the casino would take a percentage of the dealer’s winnings.Here are some of the rules of vingt-et-un
1. Only the dealer could double
2. If a dealer had 21 (Natural) players paid him triple
3. A player could bet on each round of Vingt Et Un
4. An Ace was counted as 1 or 11
5. If a player has a Natural, it is paid as 2:1Historian Rev. Ed. S. Taylor in “The History of Playing Cards said that vingt-et-un became popular in the mid eighteenth century and was played by notables such as Mademe Du Barry, a mistress of Louis XV and also played by the Emperor Napoleon.Quinze
A predecessor to vingt-un, quinze was another French game of Spanish origin. The goal of quinze was to reach 15. Again, this game was not banked by the house, but by the player who dealt the cards. There were many similarities to blackjack, but 1 big difference was that if a player busted with more than 15, he was not required to declare the bust. He could wait for the dealer to finish playing. The players that busted before the dealer, did not lose their bets.There were a few aspects to this game that made it interesting psychologically. First the dealer did not have to play by house rules and second, the players did not have to declare a bust. As a result, it was quite often the case that players would try to hide a strong or weak hand. Aristocratic players were even known to wear masks to cover their emotions.Sette e Mezzo
Sette e Mezzo or seven and a half, was an Italian game that was played in the 17th century. Similar to vingt-un and blackjack, the goal was to score 7 ½ without going bust. This game was played with a 40 card deck, a deck where all 8′s, 9′s and 10′s were removed. In Spain and parts of Italy they often used a Latin-suited 40-card pack, with suits of Coins, Cups, Clubs and Swords.This game was different to quinze in that players who busted before the dealer could not keep their bets. In that the dealer was not tied to play by house rules, part of the game again was psychological where the players would try to trick the dealer into making poor strategic moves.In Italy, it was popular to play this game during the Christmas time.This is just a brief review of the history preceding Blackjack, the most popular card game today. It has been played in one form or another throughout the previous 4 centuries or more.

There Are Legal Online Card Games In The US That Take Skill And Practice To Win | Card Games

On June 7th 2007, Congressman John Wexler of the 19th District Florida, introduced the The Skill Game Protection Act H.R. 2610 . This was a big step forward for millions of Americans who had been turned into common criminals by the passage of the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act (UIGEA). At the heart of the problem is the fact that many law abiding Americans enjoy playing games of skill against one another online. It is called recreation and the Bill of Rights and Constitution of the United States guarantee each citizen the right to the pursuit of happiness. According to Senator Barney Frank from Massachusetts, who is also questioning the legality of the UIGEA, it is not the government’s business to tell adult American citizens what they can do with their own money in the privacy of their own homes.So what is the difference between gambling and skill games? Also, what has happened to all the people who enjoyed playing poker and other card games online. Have they just stopped playing online games? To answer the first question, what is the difference between gambling and a skill game, we need only consider that skill means the outcome of a game is determined by the ability of the players. According to the act in section one paragraph two, “(2). While each of these games contains an element of chance, over any substantial interval, a player’s success at any of these games is determined by that player’s relative level of skill and is widely recognized as such.”For instance, a beginner poker player wouldn’t stand much of a chance in a poker game with experienced poker players. On the other hand, in a game of war, in which the turn of the cards determines who wins and loses with no skill or interaction by the players, it is merely chance that determines who wins and therefore is a game of chance regardless of how many times you play or how much experience you have. The difference is obvious.What has happened to online card players since the passage or the UIGEA? Many are still playing card games online through offshore venues, illegally. But many others have discovered skill games that are legal in many states and hosted by U.S. companies. Even video poker players have found poker games that they play against other poker players. Taking poker playing skill or video poker playing skill and using it against other players is challenging and a lot of fun. Many card game players who enjoy spades, hearts, cribbage, gin rummy and more are enjoying skill games as well. Skill game venues offer video arcade games, word games and card games. For people who have developed their poker playing skill it is a way to continue to enjoy the thoroughly American game of poker.When Congressman Wexler’s Act is finally passed Americans will be assured of the opportunity to enjoy their favorite skill games provided by American companies in the privacy of their own homes.